everything wrong with free software

 "obedience breeds foolishness"

### free-software-timeline *originally posted:* mar 2021 timelines are a great tool for piecing together history. if you are interested in understanding free software in greater context, you are encouraged to not just explore this timeline but to fork it and use it to examine the history of events from another focus. ***1887*** * 5 September: The Berne Convention is ratified, creating mandatory copyright on works in countries that join. => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berne_Convention cited ***1953*** * A-2, a compiler-related tool based on Grace Hopper's A-0 system, is released to customers with the source code. => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A-0_System cited ***1969*** * Work begins on Unix at Bell Laboratories => https://www.bell-labs.com/usr/dmr/www/hist.html cited ***1971*** * Work begins on the C language at Bell Laboratories => https://www.bell-labs.com/usr/dmr/www/hist.html cited ***1973*** * Unix kernel rewritten in C => https://www.bell-labs.com/usr/dmr/www/hist.html cited ***1978*** * January 1: The Copyright Act of 1976, which became a public law on October 19 of that year, goes into effect in the United States. It had several purposes including bringing the U.S. into greater compliance with the Berne Convention (prior to joining) and made copyright mandatory for fixed works. It also introduced "Fair Use" doctrine into U.S. copyright law. => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_Act_of_1976 cited ***1980*** * United States Congress amends Title 17 of the United States Code to include computer programs as copyrighted works => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_copyright cited ***1983*** * 2.9BSD becomes the first version of BSD that is a full operating system rather than a set of applications and patches => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Berkeley_Software_Distribution cited * 27 September: Richard Stallman announces the GNU Project => https://www.gnu.org/gnu/initial-announcement.html cited ***1986*** * February: X10R3 becomes the first freely redistributable X release; uwm is the default window manager => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System cited ***1987*** * 15 September: X11 first released => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System cited ***1989*** * 1 March: After joining the Berne Convention in 1988, its rules go into effect in the United States on this date. => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berne_Convention cited * 22 December: X11R4 released, making twm the default window manager => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System cited ***1990*** * Development of GNU Hurd kernel begins => https://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/history.html cited ***1991*** * 25 August: Development of Linux announced => https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/comp.os.minix/dlNth7RRrGA/SwRavCzVE7gJ cited ***1992*** * S.u.S.E. founded by Roland Dyroff, Thomas Fehr, Burchard Steinbild and Hubert Mantel => https://www.suse.com/company/history/ cited * 13 December: First free software (GPL-licensed) version of Linux kernel (0.99) released => https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/Historic/v0.99/linux-0.99.tar.Z cited ***1993*** * 17 July: Initial Release of Slackware distribution => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slackware cited * 16 August: Debian Project established by Ian Murdock => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian cited * 15 September: Intial Release of Debian (0.01) => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian cited * 1 November: FreeBSD (having first been named on June 19) releases version 1.0 => https://www.freebsd.org/releases/1.0/announce.html cited ***1994*** * S.u.S.E. Linux 1.0 (based on Slackware) released => https://www.suse.com/company/history/ cited * January: AT&T lawsuit affecting BSD is settled => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Berkeley_Software_Distribution cited * 5 April: GNU Hurd is bootable => https://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/history/hurd-flash cited * June: 4.4BSD-Lite is a freely-distributable version of BSD following the settlement of the AT&T lawsuit => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Berkeley_Software_Distribution cited ***1998*** * 3 February: Broadly considered (by proponents of both Free Software and Open Source) to be the date "Open Source" term was coined by Christine Peterson to focus on "pragmatic, business-case" concerns over the more political label "free software." https://www.opensource.org/history Earlier uses of the phrase in similar contexts are sometimes acknowledged. * February: Open Source Initiative founded by Eric Raymond and Bruce Perens https://www.opensource.org/history * 28 October: Based on two 1996 WIPO treaties, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) goes into effect in the United States, criminalising the circumvention of digital restrictions management (DRM). 3-year-long exemptions to specific restrictions can be granted by the Librarian of Congress. => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Millennium_Copyright_Act cited ***1999*** * 17 February: Open Source Initiative co-founder and Open Source Definition author Bruce Perens warns against overshadowing the Free Software Foundation's efforts and says "Now that the world is watching, it's time for us to start teaching them about Free Software. Notice, I said Free Software, _not_ Open Source." => https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/1999/02/msg01641.html cited ***2000*** * Dyne.org website goes online => https://jaromil.dyne.org/journal/dyne_foundation.html cited ***2001*** * Creative Commons is founded with support from the Center for the Public Domain => https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/History cited ***2003*** * 18 June: Barry Kauler releases Puppy Linux 0.1 => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLinePreVersion1 cited ***2004*** * 5 March: Canonical founded by Mark Shuttleworth => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canonical_(company) cited * 6 April: X11R6.7.0 released, the first from the X.Org Foundation => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System cited * October: Initial release of openSUSE => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenSUSE cited * 20 October: Initial release of Ubuntu from Canonical => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubuntu_(operating_system) cited ***2005*** * The Open Source Initiative becomes a "truly international organisation" https://www.opensource.org/history * 29 March: Puppy Linux 1.00 released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2006*** * 18 May: Puppy Linux 1.09CE (First Community Edition) released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited * 1 June: Puppy Linux 2.00 released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited * 7 November: Techrights (then Boycott Novell) goes online http://techrights.org/2017/11/07/techrights-11-birthday/ ***2007*** * QuestionCopyright.org founded by Karl Fogel to promote cultural freedom and activism against copyright restriction => https://questioncopyright.org/about cited * Puppy Linux 3.01 released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2009*** * "EMACS virgins" news cycle * 17 October: Puppy Linux 4.31 released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2011*** * 6 January: Puppy Linux 5.20 released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2012*** * 23 September: Mark Shuttleworth deftly sidesteps the question of whether Ubuntu deserves trust after 12.10 shares local search data with Amazon, by mentioning that it was already trusted up until that point => https://markshuttleworth.com/archives/1182 cited ***2014*** * 26 October: Puppy Linux 6.0 (Tahrpup 6.0 CE) released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2015*** * 14 February: Jaromil makes pre-alpha Valentine's Day release of Devuan available for download => https://git.devuan.org/devuan/devuan-project/milestones/1 cited ***2017*** * 20 May: Hyperbola GNU/Linux development begins => https://wiki.hyerbola.info/doku.php?id=:en:start#when_hyperbola_first_started cited * 25 May: First Stable release of Devuan => https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devuan cited * 4 December: Puppy Linux 7.5 (Xenialpup) released => http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyTimeLine cited ***2018*** * 1 July: Free Media Alliance founded * 6 December: Free Software Foundation adds Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre to list of endorsed distributions https://www.fsf.org/news/fsf-adds-hyperbola-gnu-linux-libre-to-list-of-endorsed-gnu-linux-distributions * 14 December: LibrePlanet petition conflates a couple of minor interruptions (still available on video) made by the organisation's own president with safety issues https://wwahammy.com/on-safety-at-libreplanet/ ***2019*** * 18 August - 22 August: "Guarding and Rescuing the FSF Titanic" series published on Techrights http://techrights.org/2019/08/22/library-federation * September: Richard Stallman attacked by Salesforce, MIT, GNOME, SFC and FSFE for defending late MIT professor/AI research colleague Marvin Minsky on an MIT AI-related mailing list * 16 September: Software Freedom Conservancy publishes letter calling for Richard Stallman to "step down from positions of leadership" https://sfconservancy.org/news/2019/sep/16/rms-does-not-speak-for-us/ * 16 September: Richard Stallman resigns as president and from board of Free Software Foundation https://www.fsf.org/news/richard-m-stallman-resigns * September: Free Software Force publishes letter defending Richard Stallman => https://fsforce.noblogs.org/ cited * September: Richard Stallman's personal website tampered with to make it appear as though he resigned as leader of the GNU Project * October: GNU Guix petition calls for Stallman to resign as head of the GNU project. * For an unknown duration, FSF is preventing/censoring pro-Stallman emails from their mailing lists ***2020*** * February: Alexandre Oliva censored by LibrePlanet organisers http://techrights.org/2020/02/23/being-cancelled/ * February: FSF Vice President refers to what is going on at FSF as a coup / "not a coup!" http://techrights.org/2020/02/24/oliva-on-coup/ * 29 February: Free Media Alliance disbands * 5 August: FSF Treasurer Geoffrey Knauth becomes the second-ever FSF president https://www.fsf.org/news/geoffrey-knauth-elected-free-software-foundation-president-odile-benassy-joins-the-board ***2021*** * GNEW development begins * January: 11 months after being censored by LibrePlanet organisers, Alexandre Oliva resigns from FSF => oliva-ousted.html * March: Richard Stallman officially rejoins FSF Board => on-the-return-of-the-chief-gnuisance.html * March: GNEW advisory board created => a-message-from-the-chief-gnewsance.html => https://wrongwithfreesw.neocities.org